“splash” rather than “explosion” is a word which may better describe the
preferred swing action when the ball is sitting up on top of the sand. “Dig” is a descriptive word for the
swing when the ball is buried.
results from a bunker, like good results on the putting green, depend greatly
upon the ability of the player to “read the sand,” like “reading the
green.” The only means within the
rules that the player has for reading the sand are his eyes and feet. The feet are the “feelers.” Walking on the ball and taking a stance
will provide information on sad depth.
Sand depth and condition can also be partially determined visually. If the sand is coarse or wet that means
it is firmer and will cause more bounce; fluffy and dry sand will cause the club
to dig more. Therefore, for firm
lies use less bounce from the sole; for soft lies use more
depth of cut by setting the club’s grip-end forward for a deep cut or back for a
from and is difficult and is not widely taught. Players who do execute this shot play
the ball back in the stance and try to keep the swing level and wrists
following-through for a bunker swing the player can either hold the arm rotation
or release it depending on his set-up.
The more open the face in the backswing, the greater the arm and hand
release. If the fact is square the
tendency will be to hold or just “body release.”
the factors determining the type of shot to be played are: Lie, distance to the flag, sand
composition and condition, slope and speed of the green, height of the bunker
lip type of bunker club that is being used.
image to help the player from closing the face prematurely is to picture
balancing a glass of water on the clubface, without spilling it, until well into
lies in the bunker are played like those from grass using similar
adjustments. For example, align the
shoulders parallel to the slope of the ground for uphill or downhill lies. An exception to this is when the slope
is severe, i.e., having the ball plugged in the face of an uphill bunker where a
paralled-to-the-slope shoulder position would cause the player to fall
over. In this case lean into the
hill and hit closer to the ball than in a normal sand shot. The vertical bank will still allow
plenty of sand between the clubface and ball.
should learn how far he can hit a sand wedge from a bunker under different sand
conditions so that he’ll know when the target is out of range and a different
club is needed.
produces tension, which in turn destroys swing motion. The bunker shot is a natural for causing
this psychological reaction, particularly in players who have experienced only
occasional success in escaping from a bunker. What is the effect on technique when
players execute this shot in a fearful state? They release prematurely, trying to
scoop the ball up and catch the sand too far behind the ball with a shallow
approach. The clubhead is then
allowed to pass their hands too early in the forward swing, resulting in a
bladed shot. Or they tighten and
decelerate, causing the club to lose its impact force, leaving the ball in the
bunker. Eliminating fear will
improve results. Confidence will
destroy fear. Confidence comes from
knowing what one is doing.